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1

Tuesday, January 25th 2011, 7:51am

Baile Herculane, 1824-1826 and later


Sursa: Jakob Alt, Ludwig Erminy, Adolph Kunike
Title: Zweihundertvierundsechzig Donau-Ansichten nach dem Laufe des Donaustromes von seinem Ursprunge bis zu seinem Ausflusse in das Schwarze Meer
Publisher: Kunike Verlag, Wien, 1824-1826
Litho: Jakob Alt

2

Thursday, January 27th 2011, 4:31pm

Baile Herculane, 1840




Title: Le Danube illustre: pour faire suite à Constantinople ancienne et moderne, au Voyage en Syrie etc.; vues d'après nature / dessinées par Bartlett, gravées par plusieurs artistes anglais
Gravure: Baths of Mehadia
Publisher: Mandeville, Paris, 18XX
Nota: pentru coperta, vezi Sulina, 1840

Quoted

The Baths of Mehadia,

known and frequented by the Romans under the classic name of Thermae Herculis ad aquas. It is a much-frequented watering-place, being visited by many guests from Wallachia and Moldavia, including Boyards; and the following particulars are taken from the work of a recent visitor, who thus speaks of it: "The whole state of Mehadia consists of two ranges of handsome buildings, forming an oval, three-fourths of which are let out as lodgings, having an hotel amongst them. The remainder of the buildings are appropiated to the reception of invalid officers and soldiers, who, in most cases, recruit their health here in the short space of four weeks. The place enjoys the proud distinction of having been built by the Austrian monarch; and the total absence of shops, the uniformity of the buildings, and the air of retirement which pervades the whole, give it all the appearance of a royal palace, with its appendages.

The superintendence is confided to a single person, and is conducted upon the same system as the Baths of Schlangenbad, in Nassau. The scenery around is very fine; the woods are pierced in all directions, and thus afford picturesque walks and shady retreats. The season commences in the middle of May; and after the first fortnight, it is didicult to procure apartments.

A military band is in attendance morning and evening; and a ball, to which strangers are invited, is held once a week. Here the Hungarian nobility, who make it their favourite place of resort, throw off all ostentation, and mix with the company at the public tables, where the conversation is carried on chiefly in French, although many speak English, which is much read and cultivated in Hungary. There are eight baths, possessed of as many different qualities and said to be stronger in their mineral properties than any others that have yet become known.That the Romans thought so, is to be inferred from the name ‘Hercules’ Baths;`and that they really are so is indicated by the extraordinary and almost miraculous cures effected by them.

The number of springs is twenty-two; and the waters, with a temperature of seven degrees of Reaumur (1) are celebrated for the cure of gout, scrofula, chronic and rheumatic diseases, and contraction of the limbs. There are Latin inscriptions, in various places, all laudatory of the healing influence of the waters; and between four and five years ago a fine marble statue of the divinity after whom they are named, was found in the principal bath, and conveyed to the museum at Vienna. The climate of Mehadia "is so mild that the fig-tree, and others peculiar to warm climates, grow wild in the woods (2).

But although the waters of Mehadia may cure an infinity of ills, a long residency here," says Paget, by way of contrast, “is apt to induce in a healthy man one as bad as any in the list - ennui. In the morning it is de rigueur to parboil yourself, in the fetid waters, from which you escape so exhausted that, leaning out of the window, and watching your neighbour enjoying the same recreation, is all you are capable of. At one o’clock the gentlemen meet at the table-d’hote - the ladies generally dine in their own rooms, and consume a very indifferent dinner. Then, till six in the evening, the time must be killed; and a little quiet gambling is generally transacted aboutthis time, by such as have a taste for it.

Smoking was our great resource - especially after some Cosmopolite Turks had established themselves here, with a large stock of chibouks and Latekia, for the edification of all Christians who loved good tobacco. At six, the beau-monde make their appearance, the gipsy-band strike up their joyous notes; and till eight o’clock the promenade of Mehadia is gay with music and beauty (3).

(1) The annexed table, from a German work, gives the name and scale of temperature of each particular spring:
The Kalksbad .... .............. 30°.0 Reaumur..................The Räuberbad, or Hercules’ spring.......35°.5 Reaumur.
The Old Gliederbad............. 39°.5 Reaumur................. The Angenbäder .............................42°.0 Reaumur
The New Gliederbad ............20°.0 Reaumur................. The Springbrunnen ......................... 47°.5 Reaumur
The Schindel or Ludwigs-bad.. 35°.5 y Reaumur............... The Schwitzloch..............................30°.0 Reaumur
On the left, near the Czerna river, are the Fieberbad, temp. R. 39°.5 and the Franciscibad, temp......25°.0 Reaumur

(2) Claridge. See also "Der Begleiter" p. 54
(3) Paget’s Hungary
(4) Passing over unnoticed many interesting places, and much beautiful and sublime scenery, we hasten to the IRON-GATE of the Danube, a spot that, taken altogether, is perhaps the most remarkable feature of the river. This is a series of rapids, extending through a narrow valley, formed on the north by the Banat range, an offset of the Transylvanian Carpathians, and on the south by a lateral range of Mount Balkan. The name is probably derived from the extreme difficulty of the passage, and from the ferruginous colour of the rocks, which occupy the entire bed of the Danube for nearly three miles.

Returning to Orsova, we re-embarked in boats provided by the Navigation Company, and proceeded to encounter the perils of the Eisern Thor - the Iron-Gate of the
descent. But when the river is full, they are not much observed, although well known by their effects in the cross-eddies, through which, from the channel for boats being always intricate and irregular, it demands much caution and experience to steer.

The entire length of these rapids is rather more than seventeen hundred yards, with a perpendicular fall of nearly one yard in every three hundred, and a velocity of from three to five yards in every second. Boats, nevertheless, are seen from time to time, slowly ascending, close under the left bank of the river, dragged by teams of oxen. "But the iron-gate ?” said an anxious voice, addressing his fellow-tourist.

"I see nothing like a gate-but of course we have to pass the gorge first?" "We have passed both,” said his friend “and here is Gladova.” “Passed both! ‘Tell that to the marines!’ I knowa gorge when I see it, and a gate when I see it; but as yet we`ve passed neither." "there they are,” reiterated the other, pointing to the stern; those white, frothing eddies you see in the distance - those are ‘the Iron·Gate !’ and very luckily we found the ‘key!" (1)

"The inquirer now joined heartily in the laugh, and taking another view of the ‘ Gate,’ we glided smoothly down to the little straggling, thatch-clad village of Gladova.

(1) "At the Iron-Gate the Danube quits the Austrian dominions and enters those of Turkey. The country on the south continues for some time mountainous, then hilly, and by degrees sinks into a plain: on the north is the great level of Wallachia. In its course towards the Black Sea, Danube divides, frequently forming numerous islands, especially below Silistria. Its width where undivided now generally averages from fifteen hundred to two thousand yards, and its depth ahove twenty feet. Before reaching its mouth, several large rivers flow into it, as the Alt, Sereth, and Pruth. On its junction with the last-mentioned river it divides into several branches, which do not again unite, and it at last terminates its long course by issuing through seven several mouths into the Black Sea.”

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3

Sunday, February 20th 2011, 5:27pm

Baile Herculane / Mehadia, 1835



Steel engraving by James Sands, Mehadia / Baile Herculane, ca. 1835
Sursa: arhiva personala

In spate: Burg Mihald

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4

Thursday, March 17th 2011, 8:05pm

Baile Herculane / Aqua Herculis / Herkulesbad / Herkulesfürdő, 1856-1860



Source:
Title: Ungarn und Siebenbürgen in malerischen Original-Ansichten ihrer interessantestens Gegenden, Städte, Badeorte, Kirchen, Burgen, Paläste und sonstige Baudenkmäler alter und neuer Zeit
Author: Ludwig Rohbock, mit hist.-topogr. Text von Johann Hunfalvy
Publisher: Lange, Darmstadt, 1860
Title pages: Timisoara

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5

Saturday, April 21st 2012, 8:26pm

1848: Das Herkules-Bad bei Mehadia


Source: Aus dem Banate

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Used tags

1824, 1835, Baile Herculane

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